The Role of Carbon

Now that you've grasped the basics of the problem, it's time to deep dive into the role of Carbon Emissions in Climate Change.

On this page you will find all you need to know about Carbon Emissions - where they come from, who's producing them and how they cause Climate Change.

This section tends to be data heavy, so Team Climes has sourced all the best visualisations, infographics and videos to make the learning experience easier and more fun.

What to expect: Infographics, Videos, Articles, Data, Official Reports

Before you begin... CO₂ versus CO₂e, what's the difference?

When discussing climate change and global warming, people often get confused between these two notations.

CO₂ refers to Carbon Dioxide gas, which is just one of three main naturally occurring Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) that cause global warming.

The others are Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N₂O) - and they each have a different impact on global warming.

To help us understand their effects better, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) came up with CO₂e. This notation represents a combination of all three gases (and some other non-naturally occurring GHGs too).

The notation reads as: Carbon Dioxide Equivalents, and it is used to express the impact of other Greenhouse Gases in terms of CO₂ - the most prevalent of the three gases.

So when you see CO₂e - it doesn't only mean Carbon Dioxide, it includes other Greenhouse Gases too!

Want a more detailed explanation? Read more here.

Why CO2 matters for climate change | BBC News

Where are these emissions coming from?

Official Reports

Emissions Gap Report 2020 UNEP

The UNEP Emissions Gap Report provides a yearly review on the difference between where greenhouse gas emissions are predicted to be in 2030, and where they need to be to avoid the worst impacts of Climate Change. This years report finds that the world is heading for a temperature rise in excess of 3°C - far beyond the goal of 2°C set by the Paris Agreement.

Come across some interesting content that you believe must be added to this list? Feel free to write to us at